The life expectancy of cholesteatoma is similar to the general population despite the complications that may arise and depending on how much damage has been caused by the cholesteatoma at the time of diagnosis and treatment. The surgery is a treatment indispensable for patients with closteatoma, as these continue to grow if not removed. Also required is the occasional cleaning of the ear to rule out recidivism. In the worst cases, the patient can suffer complications such as meningitis, deafness, brain abscess, or paralysis of the face. Therefore, the earlier the surgery, the greater the chances of a good result and a better quality of life.